Mailinglist Archive: opensuse (3337 mails)

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Re: [SLE] vnc trouble
  • From: Jerry Westrick <jerry@xxxxxxxxxxxx>
  • Date: Tue, 25 Apr 2006 16:12:51 +0200
  • Message-id: <200604251612.51129.jerry@xxxxxxxxxxxx>
On Tuesday 25 April 2006 15:12, Duzenbury, Rich wrote:
> Hi,
> I've used a number of distros, but not Suse. So far, it's been
> pleasant, but I cannot seem to get a working VNC server. The
> configuration looks a bit suspect to me.
> It looks like the idea is to call Xvnc from xinetd. I've seen some
> recommendations that it would be better to call vncserver at system
> startup, rather than directly calling Xvnc, but perhaps that is not
> true.
<snip vnc configuration for xinet.d>

VNC on the unix system can be run in many different modes:
1) xinet.d mode (Gives you remote login screen, and allows simultaneous
sessions) This method is similar to windows Terminal services as it allows
multiple people to work on the machine simultaneously)

In SUSE you set this up by enabling vnc in xinet.d (yast2->Network
Services->Network services (xinetd),
***AND** changing the DISPLAYMANAGER_XXX /etc/sysconfig system
parameters to allow for remote login (more below)

2) X-Windows vnc-module method. This method gives you the X-Windows
screen irrelevant of who is (or isn't) logged in. This method corresponds to
the windows mode.

In SUSE, you configure this in SAX2!

3) KDE Remote Desktop. This method gives you the desk of a user. The user
has to configure it, as it is not open by default.

In SUSE you use the Desktop sharing section of the KDE "Personal
Settings" (newer kde versions) or KDE "Control Panel" (older KDE versions)

4) Manual Session. Here you log into the machine as the user you want
a gui for and manually start a vnc seesion, and then can connect to it. In
this mode the session stays open and running even after you disconnect.

> If I vnc to the machine and use :0 for the port, I can get the console,
> if it has been logged in. Otherwise, the connect fails. This seems ok
> to me.
This is the KDE Desktop Sharing method, I assume you played with those

> If I vnc to any of the other ports (:1, :2, :3), I get a gui window, but
> the screen is blank with a 'X' for a cursor. The login prompt never
> comes. This is bad.
This is correct, as SUSE does not allow network logins to the GUI by default.
You got vnc working in xinet.d but need to allow remote logins as follows:

go to yast2->system->/etc/sysconfig editor.
there search for DISPLAY
Change the following according to your needs:

To allow remote logins (you need this one):

To allow root to logon via vnc
(Optional and frowned upon for security reasons)

If the machine is a server you don't need to waste resources
by allways running a GUI on the console:

Of course if you are allowing remote logins make sure
autologin is set to off:

In the "just 'casue it's there" category, change the title of you login
KDM_GREETSTRING: "Welcome to My Own Machine"

> Some googling indicates that perhaps a xstartup file is missing, but I
> cannot seem to figure out which xstartup file should be used.
> One other bit, if I start a secure shell and run vncserver, and then
> connect with vnc, everything works perfectly if I specify the given X
> desktop instance. It usually gives Server:4.

This is the manual method. Seems to work for you.
Don't forget to shut the vnc's down with vncserver -kill :4
(they stay running when you don't logoff :-)

> Thanks for any advice you can offer.
> Regards,
> Rich Duzenbury

No Problem, I seam to be specializing on this problem....


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