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SuSE Security Announcement
Package: kernel Announcement-ID: SuSE-SA:2003:034 Date: Tue Aug 12 18:15:00 CEST 2003 Affected products: 7.2, 7.3, 8.0, 8.1, 8.2 SuSE Linux Database Server, SuSE eMail Server III, 3.1 SuSE Linux Enterprise Server 7, 8 SuSE Linux Firewall on CD/Admin host SuSE Linux Connectivity Server SuSE Linux Office Server SuSE Linux Openexchange Server SuSE Linux Desktop 1.0 United Linux 1.0 Vulnerability Type: local privilege escalation, remote Denial of Service (DoS) Severity (1-10): 7 SuSE default package: yes Cross References: CAN-2003-0476 CAN-2003-0501 CAN-2003-0464
Content of this advisory: 1) security vulnerability resolved: a race condition in the ELF loader, a minor information leakage problem in the proc-fs, re-binding problem of UDP port 2049 sockets, DoS in netfilter and NFSv3 code 2) pending vulnerabilities, solutions, workarounds: - xfstt - heartbeat - KDE config files - several minor bug fixes 3) standard appendix (further information)
1) problem description, brief discussion, solution, upgrade information
During the last weeks a couple of security relevant fixes have been accumulated for the kernel. These fix local vulnerabilities and remote DoS conditions. The list of the fixed vulnerabilities is as follows:
- fix for a possible denial of service attack (DoS) in the routing code - fix for a possible attack of an unpriviledged user via ioport - fix for a re-binding problem of UDP port 2049 (NFS) sockets - fix for a kernel panic with pptpd when mss > mtu - fix for console redirect bug - fix for the execve() file read race vulnerability - fix for several race conditions in procfs - fix for possible DoS in netfilter code - fix for possible DoS in NFSv3 code
Not all kernel-versions are affected by all of these vulnerabilities. However, since there is no easy workaround for all of the vulnerabilities, we recommend an update of the kernel package.
Please follow the steps in the "SPECIAL INSTALL INSTRUCTIONS" section to update your system.
Note: Managing the necessary patches, building and mostly testing kernel update packages is an extremely worksome and therefore also time-consuming process. SuSE wishes to provide the same quality and reliability in update packages as customers are used to from the shipped original products. Even though our kernel updates are thoroughly tested, the numerous possible hardware configurations for the x86 platform give a certain probability for a functional failure of parts of the kernel after the update has been performed. Some of the possible failures cannot be handled by SuSE by definition. These include (and are not limited to) possible problems with NVIDIA chipset graphics boards that make use of hardware 3D acceleration. SuSE cannot deliver the binary only driver for the NVIDIA graphics boards in the kernel RPM. It is known that the NVIDIA hardware acceleration will not continue to work after a reboot, resulting in a failure to start the X-server. Hardware acceleration support for NVIDIA graphics chipsets on SuSE Linux 8.1 and 8.2 will be automatically disabled if the kernel update is performed by YOU (Yast Online Update). If you are committing the update by hand (necessary for SuSE Linux 8.0 and older), you should either turn off hardware acceleration support for your X Server configuration, or you may want to link the acceleration driver with binaries directly from nvidia's ftp server yourself, using the provided kernel-source RPM package.
The kernel of a Linux system is the most critical component with respect to stability, reliability and security. By consequence, an update of that component requires some care and full attention to succeed.
SPECIAL INSTALL INSTRUCTIONS: ============================== The following paragraphs will guide you through the installation process in a step-by-step fashion. The character sequence "****" marks the beginning of a new paragraph. In some cases, you decide if the paragraph is needed for you or not. Please read through all of the steps down to the end. All of the commands that need to be executed are required to be run as the superuser (root). Each step relies on the steps before to complete successfully.
**** Step 1: Determine the needed kernel type
Please use the following command to find the kernel type that is installed on your system:
rpm -qf /boot/vmlinuz
The following options are possible (disregarding the version and build number following the name, separated by the "-" character):
k_deflt # default kernel, good for most systems. k_i386 # kernel for older processors and chipsets k_athlon # kernel made specifically for AMD Athlon(tm) family processors k_psmp # kernel for Pentium-I dual processor systems k_smp # kernel for SMP systems (Pentium-II and above)
**** Step 2: Download the package for your system
Please download the kernel RPM package for your distribution with the name starting as indicated by Step 1. The list of all kernel rpm packages is appended below. Note: The kernel-source package does not contain any binary kernel in bootable form. Instead, it contains the sources that the binary kernel rpm packages are made from. It can be used by administrators who have decided to build their own kernel. Since the kernel-source.rpm is an installable (compiled) package that contains sources for the linux kernel, it is not the source RPM for the kernel RPM binary packages.
The kernel RPM binary packages for the distributions can be found at these locations under ftp://ftp.suse.com/pub/suse/i386/update/ :
7.2/kernel/2.4.18-20030812 7.3/kernel/2.4.18-20030812 8.0/kernel/2.4.18-20030812 8.1/rpm/i586 8.2/rpm/i586
After downloading the kernel RPM package for your system, you should verify the authenticity of the kernel rpm package using the methods as listed in section 3) of each SuSE Security Announcement.
**** Step 3: Installing your kernel rpm package
Install the rpm package that you have downloaded in Steps 3 or 4 with the command rpm -Uhv --nodeps --force <K_FILE.RPM> where <K_FILE.RPM> is the name of the rpm package that you downloaded.
Warning: After performing this step, your system will likely not be able to boot if the following steps have not been fully applied.
If you run SuSE Linux 8.1 and use the freeswan package, you also need to update the freeswan rpm as a dependency as offered by YOU (Yast Online Update). The package can be downloaded from ftp://ftp.suse.com/pub/suse/i386/update/8.1/rpm/i586/
**** Step 4: configuring and creating the initrd
The initrd is a ramdisk that is being loaded into the memory of your system together with the kernel boot image by the bootloader. The kernel uses the content of this ramdisk to execute commands that must be run before the kernel can mount its actual root filesystem. It is usually used to initialize scsi drivers or NIC drivers for diskless operation.
The variable INITRD_MODULES (set in the files /etc/rc.config up to 7.3) or /etc/sysconfig/kernel (after and including 8.0)) determines which kernel modules will be loaded in the initrd before the kernel has mounted its actual root filesystem. The variable should contain your scsi adapter (if any) or filesystem driver modules.
With the installation of the new kernel, the initrd has to be re-packed with the update kernel modules. Please run the command
as root to create a new init rmadisk (initrd) for your system.
**** Step 5: bootloader
If you have a 7.x system, you must now run the command
as root to initialize the lilo bootloader for your system. Then proceed to the next step.
If you run a SuSE Linux 8.x or a SLES8 system, there are two options: Depending on your software configuration, you have the lilo bootloader or the grub bootloader installed and initialized on your system. The grub bootloader does not require any further actions to be performed after the new kernel images have been moved in place by the rpm Update command. If you have a lilo bootloader installed and initialized, then the lilo program must be run as root. Use the command
grep LOADER_TYPE /etc/sysconfig/bootloader
to find out which boot loader is configured. If it is lilo, then you must run the lilo command as root. If grub is listed, then your system does not require any bootloader initialization.
Warning: An improperly installed bootloader may render your system unbootable.
**** Step 6: reboot
If all of the steps above have been successfully applied to your system, then the new kernel including the kernel modules and the initrd should be ready to boot. The system needs to be rebooted for the changes to become active. Please make sure that all steps are complete, then reboot using the command shutdown -r now or init 6
Your system should now shut down and reboot with the new kernel.
Download sources for all kernel RPM packages: Our maintenance customers are being notified individually. The packages are being offered to install from the maintenance web.
Due to the large amount of package-names you will not find the usual list of package-names with the corresponding MD5 sums here. However the integrity of the packages is ensured and can be verified as described in section 3.2.
2) Pending vulnerabilities in SuSE Distributions and Workarounds:
- xfstt The X truetype font-server can be crashed my sending malicious packets over the network. It may even be possible to execute arbitrary commands with the privileges of the xfstt server. Update packages are available on our FTP servers now.
- heartbeat New heartbeat packages which fix an overflow are available on our ftp servers.
- KDE config files Due to an mistake some files in /etc/opt/kde3/share/config/ of SuSe Linux 8.2 are world-writeable. Under certain circumstances these files can be used to gain higher privileges. Please add an entry for each file in your /etc/permissions.local file. Example: /etc/opt/kde3/share/config/kmailrc root.root 0644
This bug was reported by nordi email@example.com.
- several minor bug fixes There are alot more minor security updates in the queue. YOU (Yast Online Update) will inform you when they appear. Alternatively you may want to monitor the following website: http://www.suse.de/de/private/download/updates/index.html or: http://www.suse.de/en/private/download/updates/index.html
3) standard appendix: authenticity verification, additional information
- Package authenticity verification:
SuSE update packages are available on many mirror ftp servers all over the world. While this service is being considered valuable and important to the free and open source software community, many users wish to be sure about the origin of the package and its content before installing the package. There are two verification methods that can be used independently from each other to prove the authenticity of a downloaded file or rpm package: 1) md5sums as provided in the (cryptographically signed) announcement. 2) using the internal gpg signatures of the rpm package.
1) execute the command md5sum <name-of-the-file.rpm> after you downloaded the file from a SuSE ftp server or its mirrors. Then, compare the resulting md5sum with the one that is listed in the announcement. Since the announcement containing the checksums is cryptographically signed (usually using the key firstname.lastname@example.org), the checksums show proof of the authenticity of the package. We disrecommend to subscribe to security lists which cause the email message containing the announcement to be modified so that the signature does not match after transport through the mailing list software. Downsides: You must be able to verify the authenticity of the announcement in the first place. If RPM packages are being rebuilt and a new version of a package is published on the ftp server, all md5 sums for the files are useless.
2) rpm package signatures provide an easy way to verify the authenticity of an rpm package. Use the command rpm -v --checksig <file.rpm> to verify the signature of the package, where <file.rpm> is the filename of the rpm package that you have downloaded. Of course, package authenticity verification can only target an un-installed rpm package file. Prerequisites: a) gpg is installed b) The package is signed using a certain key. The public part of this key must be installed by the gpg program in the directory ~/.gnupg/ under the user's home directory who performs the signature verification (usually root). You can import the key that is used by SuSE in rpm packages for SuSE Linux by saving this announcement to a file ("announcement.txt") and running the command (do "su -" to be root): gpg --batch; gpg < announcement.txt | gpg --import SuSE Linux distributions version 7.1 and thereafter install the key "email@example.com" upon installation or upgrade, provided that the package gpg is installed. The file containing the public key is placed at the top-level directory of the first CD (pubring.gpg) and at ftp://ftp.suse.com/pub/suse/pubring.gpg-build.suse.de .
- SuSE runs two security mailing lists to which any interested party may subscribe:
firstname.lastname@example.org - general/linux/SuSE security discussion. All SuSE security announcements are sent to this list. To subscribe, send an email to email@example.com.
firstname.lastname@example.org - SuSE's announce-only mailing list. Only SuSE's security announcements are sent to this list. To subscribe, send an email to email@example.com.
===================================================================== SuSE's security contact is firstname.lastname@example.org or email@example.com. The firstname.lastname@example.org public key is listed below. ===================================================================== ______________________________________________________________________________
The information in this advisory may be distributed or reproduced, provided that the advisory is not modified in any way. In particular, it is desired that the clear-text signature shows proof of the authenticity of the text. SuSE Linux AG makes no warranties of any kind whatsoever with respect to the information contained in this security advisory.
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