Mailinglist Archive: opensuse-packaging (134 mails)

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[opensuse-packaging] To getent or not to getent
Heya,


some packages in the openSUSE distribution do this (or equivalent) in
their %post section:

%post
getent passwd user >/dev/null || useradd user || :

darix says this is against policy (what a killer argument), but closely
looking at what is happening, getent is just what is desired.

If getent were not used, useradd would throw a warning whenever the user
already exists, which would be the case on all upgrade attempts of such
packages. So people slap in

useradd user 2>/dev/null || :

instead, but that hides real errors that do not stem from a preexisting
user. So, with getent, one can check whether the user already exists and
not call useradd if so; otherwise do create the user, and NOT drop any
stderr messages.
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