am I the only mirror admin that finds the current behavior of opensuse clients suboptimal?
Requests by "ZYpp 17.11.4 (curl 7.60.0) openSUSE-Leap-15.1-x86_64" etc seem to be done with 256 kb chunk size, always, as an example:
GET bytes=0-262143 /mirror/opensuse.org/tumbleweed/repo/oss/x86_64/libqt5-qtwebengine-5.14.1-1.5.x86_64.rpm GET bytes=262144-524287 /mirror/opensuse.org/tumbleweed/repo/oss/x86_64/libqt5-qtwebengine-5.14.1-1.5.x86_64.rpm
That's a silly small size, since TCP won't be able to ramp window sizes and get good speed before those 256k are done. Also, we get int($filesize/256k) entries in our logs for each download.
To make matters worse, the thing seems to do some kind of round robin between sites, with this pattern being the most ineffective looking from a mirror admin standpoint:
GET bytes=2097152-2359295 /mirror/opensuse.org/tumbleweed/repo/oss/x86_64/libqt5-qtwebengine-5.14.1-1.5.x86_64.rpm GET bytes=2621440-2883583 /mirror/opensuse.org/tumbleweed/repo/oss/x86_64/libqt5-qtwebengine-5.14.1-1.5.x86_64.rpm
Since the OS normally does read-ahead on file system reads, it will read-ahead after byte 2359295 in preparation for the next read(). In this case though, that's in vain as the request never comes but the next data read is instead byte 2621440 and forward... OS read-ahead is most commonly in the 64kB-1MB range, so it's not unlikely that the entire 256k gap inbetween is read from disk without being used...
Downloading files this way is just plain stupid, IMHO.
I don't know what problem this behavior is supposed so solve, but it's definitely not beneficial for us as a mirror, and I think it's hurting your end users as well.
If you want more bandwidth from us, request larger chunks (or whole files). The TCP window will grow and you'll get the performance (within the limits of 10 gigabit networking for one download).
If you want to spread the load between mirrors, use larger chunks, and specifically avoid small chunks and striped access.
In any case, merge requests! If you're going to request a number of consecutive chunks, do it in one request, preferrably as one range, to make the most of the tcp connection you've set up.
My minimum suggestion would be to bump the chunk-size to multiple megabytes at the minimum, possibly varying depending on download performance, aiming for each GET taking at least a couple of seconds to allow for TCP to ramp speed (and reduce the noise in our logs). In extreme cases we're seeing multiple tens of GET:s each second for some downloads, I'm guessing the rate throttles due to the RTT latency (ping time) and not some real bandwidth limit...
/Nikke - admin of ftp.acc.umu.se