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[opensuse-buildservice] [gsoc] osc2 client - summary of week 11

here's a small summary of the 11th (coding) week. Last week I worked on
implementing the new commandline interface. While doing so I faced several
* How to combine argparse and our oscargs url-like syntax?
Basically we have to run our oscargs parser on the result which is
returned by argparse.ArgumentParser's parse_args method. The problem is
that both parsers have a different "syntax" that is using a naive approach
will lead to some redundancies (we specify the ui twice: one time for
argparse and one time for oscargs). In order to avoid this we need some
"interface" to which the oscargs syntax is passed and which configures
the argparse parser accordingly.

* How to support custom commands?
We also have to provide an "easy" way to specify custom commands.
Additionally it might be handy if existing commands can be enhanced
(either by adding additional options etc. or by adding a new subcommand
etc.). The best would be if the user simply drop his/her plugins in a
specific directory and osc will scan this directory and use the new

* Specifying the ui programmatically is somehow confusing/cluttered. It would
be much better if the ui can be specified in a more "declarative" way
without the syntactic "overhead" (well that's a bit exaggerated) which
is needed to configure the parser. Additionally it would be nice to have
a convenient way to specify a multi line description for a command
(hardcoding the str into the source makes the code "harder" to read).

Finally I ended up with a small DSL which can be used to specify the
ui in a "declarative" way (the initial idea + syntax is taken from the
django framework (see [1])).

Assume we want to implement a request command which consists (for the
sake of simplicity) of 2 subcommands "list" and "accept". This can be
specified like the following:

# file: osc/cli/request/

class Request(CommandDescription, OscCommand):
"""Show and modify requests."""
cmd = 'request'

class RequestList(CommandDescription, Request):
"""List requests.

By default open requests for a specific project or package will be

osc request list api://
osc request list api://project
osc request list api://project/package

cmd = 'list'
args = 'api://project?/package?'
opt_user = Option('U', 'user', 'list only requests for USER')
opt_group = Option('G', 'group', 'list only requests for GROUP')
opt_state = Option('s', 'state', 'list only requests with state STATE',
choices=['new', 'review', 'accepted', 'revoked',
'declined', 'superseded'], action='append')
func = request_list

class RequestAccept(CommandDescription, Request):
"""Accept a specific request.


cmd = 'accept'
args = 'api://reqid'
func = request_accept

In order to add the request command it is sufficient to add an

import osc.cli.request.ui

statement to the main cli module. This produces the following output:

marcus@linux:~/osc2/osc/cli> python request -h
usage: request [-h] {list,accept} ...

Show and modify requests.

positional arguments:
list List requests.
accept Accept a specific request.

optional arguments:
-h, --help show this help message and exit


marcus@linux:~/osc2/osc/cli> python request list -h
usage: request list [-h]

List requests.

By default open requests for a specific project or package will be

osc request list api://
osc request list api://project
osc request list api://project/package

positional arguments:

optional arguments:
-h, --help show this help message and exit
-s {new,review,accepted,revoked,declined,superseded}, --state
list only requests with state STATE
-G GROUP, --group GROUP
list only requests for GROUP
-U USER, --user USER list only requests for USER

How does it work?
First of all each class which defines a command or subcommand has to inherit
from class "CommandDescription". If a subcommand is to be defined it also
has to inherit from the "parent" command (that is in our example "RequestList"
and "RequestAccept" inherit from class "Request" (which in turn inherits from
class "OscCommand" (from this class all toplevel commands have to inherit))).
In short: with the help of the inheritance hierarchy it is possible to define
a command <- subcommand hierarchy.

Note: actually the classes "RequestList" and "RequestAccept" only inherit
from "CommandDescription". The "parent" command base class is only needed
for a "marking" purpose (it is filtered out with the help of a metaclass
when the concrete class is "constructed" - I'll leave out the details for
now and may write a dedicated blogpost about it).

Now the remaining task is to define and implement the commands (note: we will
definitely not finish the project on the "suggested pencils down" date and
use the week until the "firm pencils down" date for coding...).



Here's a small example how to modify an existing command:

# plugins/
from osc.cli.description import Option
import osc.cli.request.ui

class MyRequestAccept(osc.cli.request.ui.RequestAccept):
# add a new option
opt_foo = Option('f', 'foo', help='foo option')

This leads to

marcus@linux:~/osc2/osc/cli> python request accept -h
usage: request accept [-h] [-f FOO] api://reqid

positional arguments:

optional arguments:
-h, --help show this help message and exit
-f FOO, --foo FOO foo option
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